The Vectors© Model
This is the main work model that we use. The unique model that serves Newton’s Law of Motion and other processes in the world of physics in order to conduct arena analysis and to offer our customers the desired strategy. The model is based on a graduate degree thesis in Public Policy.
The objective of the study is to propose a new model to analyze public policy. The model analyzes the process in public policy using terms from the world of physics and mechanics and, in particular, by means of the Laws of Motion drafted by the English mathematician, Isaac Newton, in the 17th century. As part and parcel of the study, a review was made of the existing models in public policy as well as a review of relevant terms from the world of physics.
The Groups Theory
The Groups Theory is a doctrine that expresses an approach to the public policy process. The basic axiom in this doctrine is “Public Policy is determined as a result of equilibrium between the interests of different groups”. The various groups act to promote their own interests and the policy is a sort of compromise between the groups.
Newton’s Laws of Motion
The relationship between the motion of a body to an external force acting on the body describe the three basic laws of mechanics known as Newton’s Laws.
The First Law of Motion (the Principle of Inertia): A body will always aspire to remain at rest or to move at a constant velocity as long as the sum total of the forces acting upon it is zero.
The Second Law of Motion (the Principle of Acceleration): The force acting on a body is the product of the mass of the body and its acceleration”.
The Third Law of Motion (the Principle of Action and Reaction): States that when a body exerts a force on another body, the other body exerts, at the same time, a force on the first body, and both these forces are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction.
An Abstract of the Model
The public policy process as an ongoing process of a struggle between two different entities that apply forces on the decision maker in a policy arena in order to promote a particular decision. The vector magnitude of the entity is determined by the product of the magnitude and direction.
1. A particular policy arena is created. The arena has defined borders on a horizontal axis (the trend axis) and a vertical axis (the magnitude axis).
2. Immediately upon the commencement of activities of the arena, the policy position is determined. The magnitude policy has its own inertia and, without any change, will remain at rest or moving at a constant velocity. This is, in actual fact, the point of equilibrium of the system. (Newton’s First Law of Motion).
3. As stated, the decision maker finds the policy in a specific point in space – a point that marks its location on the horizontal axis (The trend axis in the axis system) and occasionally also on the vertical axis (the magnitude axis). The location of the policy is actually the location determined by the previous decision maker – the predecessor of the current decision maker.
4. The decision maker formulates the policy for himself and can attempt to pull the policy in his desired direction, by activating his vector.
5. In the process of moving the policy in the direction desired by the decision maker, various forces exerted by the various entities are applied to the decision maker. Each such entity has a vector, consisting of the product of the magnitude and direction.
6. The location of the policy will be determined by adding the vectors operating within the system (the entities as opposed to the decision maker). At each point in time it appears that the system is in equilibrium, but, in actual fact, the equilibrium between the forces stabilizes it, and a change in one of the forces being applied will change the equilibrium of the system. This is the state in which the arena is found most of the time.
7. The moment the decision maker is replaced, the process repeats itself and, in actual fact, never ends, but is in a state of perpetual motion and is applied to the new decision maker filling the station.
8. The process is halted only when policy arena attains an irreversible state and then the policy terminates as the arena is closed, or is transferred to other arenas.
9. A situation of system undermining is also possible. A situation in which a very significant force enters the arena and upsets the equilibrium.
We learn from the Study that:
a. The movement of entities in the space is incessant and, in actual fact, there is no such thing as a static body, and the illusion that the arena is static is projected as a result of temporary equilibrium.
b. All the entities and the forces are relative one to the other and to the total entities in the arena. The magnitudes and directions are not nominal but are rather ordinal and therefore, for example, the increase in the size of one body will inevitably lead to a reduction in size of other bodies, and vice versa.
c. The changes in the arena amongst the various entities are carried out by means of friction between the entities. Without friction, no change is possible and one body will not change solely as the result of an internal process. Friction between two bodies gives birth to their new shape during the course of and after the friction, which, in actual fact, is infinite – as long as the entities are linked one to the other.
d. An extreme trend increases the vector due to the principle of multiplication that that defines the vector of the entity. But another ramification of an extreme trend is that a location far from the decision maker causes the fact that the entity must apply a great deal of force in order to divert it from its track. Due to the law of action and reaction, any force applied by an entity on the decision maker, on the policy or on another entity equals the force applied in return on that same entity and, therefore, the entity that puts all its resources in a particular arena or in a particular action must take into account the ramifications of the successful result on the functioning of the entity or, in another case, that it may lead to failure.
e. Insofar as an entity “touches” and influences a greater number of people / factors, then its magnitude increases. That is, the size is not necessarily determined by the number of members in the entity but rather also by the number of those influenced by that same entity.
f. A rapid and sharp movement along the trend axis impacts to a greater degree than a sensible and well thought-out movement at a particular interval. Because of the mutual forces and the law of friction, a rapid movement generates an additional factor that does not exist in a slow movement.